K.Villa by XYZ designers




The building is located in a residential area of Düsseldorf, in the
‘White Estate’ in Golzheim. This estate was constructed by the
National Socialists in 1935/36 in a period of one and a half years
as a model estate that formed part of the propaganda exhibition
Schaffendes Volk, meaning ‘Productive People’. The estate,
which comprised 95 whitewashed brick houses, formed the
south-easterly limit of the former exhibition grounds and is directly
adjacent to the Rhein River. The Nazis used the estate as a
prime example of the ideal artists’ and workers’ estate according
to National Socialist principles. All the houses were constructed
in accordance with so-called model buildings and their rural village
character was in line with the guidelines of the Gauheimstättenamt
or ‘local homestead department’. As the required
rooms could not be incorporated in the existing building it was
decided to replace the house with a new structure. Despite strict
stipulations for land use it was possible to double the useful area
through corresponding organisation of the layout within the given
building plot. This was achieved with a very simple structure without
any dormer windows or other structures on the roof that could
have been regarded as distracting. Thanks to its formal restraint
the new building integrates well into the surrounding structures
without negating it contemporary character as an example of
21st Century architecture.

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